What is dysbiosis of the gut?
When your intestines (known as the gut or gastrointestinal tract) contain a balance of bacterial species that is optimal for health they are in symbiosis – working together in harmony. Dysbiosis (also known as dysbacteriosis) happens when this delicate balance is disrupted. When this type of disruption occurs, the various populations of bacteria are less able to keep each others growth in check. Populations of good bacteria can become reduced, or small populations of pathogenic (bad) bacteria, yeast (such as Candida), or parasites can flourish. As the good bacteria die off a vicious cycle of pathogenic overgrowth happens, and if left unchecked, a chronic imbalance will set in and cause disease.
What causes gut dysbiosis?
Dysbiosis can be caused by a variety of environmental factors including poor diet, alcohol misuse, medications, and stress. An important common factor seen by researchers is a history of excessive antibiotic use.
Dysbiosis signs and symptoms
Microbes (bacteria, yeast etc.), are naturally involved in most of our bodily functions. Scientists are discovering that dysbiosis is a major factor behind many new and existing conditions. Imbalances in the microbiome are not the only cause of these disorders, however, dysbiosis is often a central factor and rebalancing the gut ecosystem leads to significant improvement in symptoms.
Gut dysbiosis has been associated with: